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Washington State Roosevelt Elk Tips

If you can contribute information click here Submit information (tips, area suggestions, etc)

This hunting information is provided as advice only.  It is the duty of the hunter to ensure that he or she is complying with all current laws and regulations.


distribution map

For this species there are a few basics you need to understand in order to hunt them legally with the proper licenses and tags.  The WDFW regulations have a number of exceptions to the information provided below, these are general statements meant to help point the beginning hunter in hunting this particular species.  It is also the duty of the hunter to ensure that he or she is complying with all rules and regulations put in place for that season, species, and area they are hunting

Roosevelt  Elk are generally referred to as the elk on the west side of Washington (west of the Pacific Crest Trail)  The Boone and Crockett organization only recognizes the elk West of I-5 as being true Roosevelt elk.  There is a single Elk tag (transport tag) the hunter purchases for general season hunting of Roosevelt Elk.  A hunter must pick the Western Washington side of the state and cannot hunt any elk on the East side.  A hunter then must then pick a weapon choice of Western Modern Firearm (WF) Western Muzzleloader (WM) or Western Archery (WA).  The WDFW has allotted seasons for each of the WF, WM, or WA choices.  You cannot hunt any other area or season.  Generally speaking, the majority of the seasons are bull or cow only depending on the particular tag you have chosen.   The hunting is broken out and managed by GMU (game management unit) which has special boundaries and specific hunting rules designed for the management plan in place for that GMU.   Not all of the Western Washington GMUs have general hunting seasons or significant populations of elk.   There are quite a few special drawing permits available for Western Washington GMUs which allow a draw successful hunter to hunt specific elk GMUs during the rut, in restricted areas, or other more favorable times of the year outside of general seasons.   These special permits are highly coveted.  Some special GMUs can take well over 10 years to successfully get drawn.  The general season limit is one animal per year.

Hunting success requires significant planning and preparation.  Very few hunters can be successful without properly scouting an area or preparing well before the season starts.  The most serious (and successful) hunters "hunt" year-round.  That is to say, they are continually improving their woodmanship, marksmanship, and knowledge of their quarry.  The most successful hunters are in the field every month of the year.  They know their quarry and their hunting areas very well.  Hunting is an activity that is directly affected by the amount of front-end work a person puts into it.

There is no single "right" way to hunt elk... being flexible and paying attention to your surroundings will increase your success.


  • Pay strict attention to your smell.  Elk will spook easily.  Cover up scents (like raccoon) work well and put Elk at ease. HWS staff  Scent tips

  • When using scents and gear pay attention to what you are using.  Many chain stores and online supply companies will try to sell you scents and gear that have no applicability to any hunting situation in Washington. HWS staff

  • Wear warm and rain proof clothing.  You are bound to encounter either rain or soaked underbrush in Rosie country. HWS staff

  • More and more timber company lands are being gated.  Buy a nice mountain bike and pedal into the area.  Youíll be amazed at how much area you can cover.  If you are handy or go to the local bike shop, you can have the freewheel noise disabled for a really silent bike. HWS staff

  • Stow the rifle and put slugs in your shotgun in modern firearm seasons.  Lots of Washington State Elk are taken with shotguns.  You wonít have a scope to fog up and you can pack bird shot for the random rabbit or grouse. HWS staff 

  • You can buy a used external backpack from a thrift store to make an inexpensive pack board for hauling out those hind quarters.  Simply remove the fabric portions of the pack.  Donít forget to include rope with the pack board to lash the meat on.

  • New LED flashlights are very cheap and last a long time.  Buy them in the bulk packs from Home Depot or Lowes.  Stash the extra flashlights in coat pockets, backpacks, camper, you name it.  Having all these extra lights around helps when you may have forgotten yours at home or back at camp. HWS staff

  • Gather some vegetation from the area you plan to hunt. Store all of your hunting clothes in garbage bags with the vegetation. Even your underwear, pack, etc. This is the best scent mask I have found. (tip: courtesy Jeff D)

  • Most Roosevelt Elk habitat is perpetually wet. Especially on the West side of the Olympic Mountains.  It is not uncommon for the Forks area to receive over 100 inches of rain per year.  Good raingear is essential in having a comfortable Roosevelt elk hunt. HWS Staff

  • Packing along a small trail axe may add to the weight of your pack, but, will make field dressing your animals and clearing brush much easier. (Robert L, Sedro Wooley)

  • Make the investment of buying different types of boots for different terrain and weather.  It makes no sense to try to use a perfect lightweight early season boot during the colder winter months.  Likewise, you donít want to use an insulated boot when it is warm out which may cause excessive sweating and smell. (John L, Redmond)

  • Keep your scoped rifle in the trunk or bed of the truck when in the field (when moving between hunting areas during the day).  Two reasons for this is 1) safety 2) your scope will already be acclimated to the temperature and humidity of the outside air.  You donít want your scope to be foggy and wait for it to become acclimated. (John L, Redmond)

  • Anonymous tip regarding the above tip.  This would only happen if the outside was warmer than inside your vehicle and it was humid outside.  creating a cold glass entering a humid environment causing condensation.  (for the beginning of the day's hunt) I keep my gun in the cab where it is warm and dry and It does not fog up on me when I get out in the cold air because the glass is already warmer than the outside temp.  not the kind of conditions we deal with in the North West.  (added clarification to the above tip about moving from hunting site to hunting site throughout the day. (anon, and HWS Staff)

  • Also... never ever leave your weapon loaded (either in the chamber or magazine) in a vehicle, it is against the law and it is just plain dangerous.  You can be sited by game officials for simply resting a loaded weapon on or against your vehicle. Empty the weapon well before you get to your vehicle. (HWS Staff)

  • Carry a couple of knives and a wet stone.  Gutting, skinning, and taking apart your animal will require you to keep your tools sharpened many times throughout the field dressing process. (Todd G, Kenmore)

  • Organize all of your pack gear into ziploc baggies.  Washington State is a wet state.  Keeping everything in ziplocs keeps everything dry and odor free. (HWS Staff)

Roosevelt Bull


  • Roosevelt Elk are the largest Elk species with males weighing over 1000 pounds.  Females can weigh around 600+. They range in pockets in the SW range and throughout the Olympic peninsula.  The Eastside of the Olympics has a significant Roosevelt elk herd, but, access to most of their range is limited and primarily private land. HWS Staff

  • Roosevelt Elk tend to herd up and it is not uncommon to see 50 to 60 in a herd. HWS Staff

  • The biggest Roosevelt Elk ever taken was from a tree stand.  Do not dismiss the use of treestands in hunting elk.

  • When hunting for Roosevelt Elk, remember that this species tend to be much darker in color than their Eastern Washington cousins. HWS staff

  • Rut bulls will be around cows, look for the cow.

  • Look for alder stands for rut Elk.  The Elk seem to prefer the alder tree to rub their antlers on.

  • Roosevelt elk feed on just about everything and have no shortage of browse.  You will not be able to pattern them as you would a whitetail deer. HWS Staff

  • Elk prefer and will be found in areas with a mix of old growth, new clearcuts, reprod (new plantings 5-10 yrs old) and second growth.  Edge environments are crucial to elk.  A lot of the gated areas of the private timber companies are helping increase elk populations.  Elk do not like to be disturbed. HWS Staff

  • Very fresh elk rub Fresh elk rub

  • Camouflage your hands and face when bow hunting.  Your face will stick out in the surrounding cover and underbrush.  You spend a lot of money buying camo clothes.  spend a few bucks more and get some paint for your skin. HWS staff

  • It is rare to jump a bull in the old timber.  He knows you are there.  HWS staff

  • Elk can be migratory if they spend the summer and fall months at high elevations.  With significant snow fall, these Elk will move up and down with the snowline.  They will move out if there is more than 20-30 inches of snow on the ground for a few days. HWS staff

  • Pay little attention to Elk browse or potential feeding areas.  Elk have no problem finding browse anywhere. HWS staff

  • Unless there are significant drought conditions, water sources are too numerous to worry about during your Elk hunt. HWS staff

  • Elk generally shed their antlers anywhere between late January and late March.

  • The most popular way to hunt Roosevelt Elk is by spot and stalk.  Find a prominent area, downwind from the area you believe the elk to be in and glass over the area.  Roosevelt elk will tend to be in larger groups and even a small herd will easily be spotted in a clearing. HWS staff

  • Gated areas are becoming hot spots with untouched areas available for hunting. HWS staff

  • It is rare to see Elk in driving rain and significant wind.  However, immediately before or following a storm is the perfect time to find Elk.  They get out of their bedding areas and shake off in openings in the timber.  The residual rain drops coming off the trees makes them nervous.  A quiet opening or clear-cut is a safe place to look for Elk. Call in sick to work the morning after a significant rain storm and get out in the woods.  This is nature's lottery ticket for you.  Most hunters will not want to hunt in the rain and most will stay home.  HWS staff

  • It is relatively impossible to pattern Elk like you would a whitetail.  Elk are smart and have many escape routes and daily routines. HWS staff

  • Facts about poop: Moist pellets will mean that the animal was there within the last 12 hours.  Dry pellets mean the animal was there days, weeks, or months ago.  Soft and clumpy poop means the animal has been feeding on fruit of wet leafy greens.  Poop size is usually associated with the size of the animal.  The larger the poop, the bigger the animal.  Poop pellets spread out mean that the animal was walking when it pooped.  Poop in a pile means the animal was stationary. HWS staff

  • A number of Elk will spend a lifetime in a one to two square mile area.  When scouting new areas do not overlook any spot or nook or cranny.  If you miss that big bull one year and he is not a migratory bull, chances are he'll be in the same vicinity next year.  (tip: courtesy Bob L)

  • When tracking Elk, pay attention to its tracks in the dirt or snow.  A meandering path signals Elk which are feeding or are looking for a place to bed.  A straight path signals that Elk are on the move and are moving from one point or other.  A path which is straight but shows Elk stopped and turned around is a sign that Elk knows they are being stalked. (courtesy Mike D)

  • When observing browse or feeding areas, remember that the lighter the color of the nipped shrub or twig, the fresher the sign.  Older browse browns with age. (courtesy Mike D)

  • Elk are usually considered "grazers" like cows and sheep, not browsers, like deer.  Think like a grazing animal when looking for elk. (courtesy Bill P)


  • First rule!  Know what you are shooting at !!!  There is no excuse for accidentally shooting something you did not intend to. HWS staff

  • Hire a guide for one season.  Chances are that guide will teach you more during your hunt than you would learn from years of "trying to figure it out on your own."  Guides are willing to teach and are getting paid to give you all their attention.  Most guides will be flattered if you continually pick their brains for information.

  • Do not forget to put in for special permits.  Some permits have extremely high success rates and your chances of harvesting a Roosevelt elk are dramatically increased with a special permit (especially some of the units around Mt. St. Helens.) HWS Staff

  • Wait along the fringes of clear-cuts, just inside the timber. HWS staff

  •  Well placed Tree stands are very effective for Elk. HWS staff

  • Spot Elk in low points and benches inside 5 to 10 year old clear-cuts.  You should be able to utilize the terrain to your advantage.  Pay attention to the wind in your stalk. HWS staff

  • Get out of your vehicle and walk away from the road.  Elk are smart, they recognize vehicle sounds and vary their routine accordingly.  You will find Elk by driving logging roads, but, you will see many more quality animals by simply walking along a clear-cut or up a closed logging road. HWS staff

  • Using the squeak of a cow call is a great way to calm disturbed elk. HWS Staff

  • Use a crowded hunting day to your advantage.  Find a bench or a saddle in the area you are hunting, get there before first light and wait for other hunters to kick the Elk in your direction. HWS staff

  • It is uncommon to see elk near heavily traveled logging roads.  They are smart and have learned to avoid these areas.  Look for them in areas with difficult access or in areas which butt up against private lands or lands that you cannot hunt in (Park, City boundaries, and the like) HWS Staff

  •  Be very careful after shooting an Elk.  Tracking the blood trail of an Elk in rain and soaked underbrush can be an enormous challenge.  If not near impossible. HWS staff

  •  A mortally hit Elk will almost always run downhill or sidehill.  If you can get into position after shooting your Elk, pay close attention to where it runs. HWS staff

  • Follow up your arrow shots.  What may have appeared as a miss, could have been a good hit.  These darkly colored Elk can be difficult to see blood on.

        When scouting an area with binoculars or a spotting scope.  Don't look for an "Elk" look for an odd shaped color or misshapen branches (ears or antlers) Watch for movement rather than seeing a whole Elk.  Set up behind a stump, a fallen log, or any place where you can be comfortable. Chances are quite good that you will see Elk in that clearcut.  If you don't believe it.  Next time you go out, watch another hunter who bumbles through the middle of a clearcut, watch the Elk beeline it for the protection of the surrounding timber stands. HWS staff


  • When exiting your vehicle, be quiet. Close your door gently, talk to hunting partners quietly.   It is possible to have Elk within 50 yards of where you park your vehicle.  Typical Rosie county is thick with vegetation. HWS staff

  • Lightly pressured Elk will almost always stand in position if they think you may walk by or havenít seen them.  You can sometimes continue walking at your previous pace and duck behind a tree or a bush.  Some of these Elk will be curious and may even try to follow you. HWS staff

  • Pressured Elk will almost always turn to look at you before they enter thick underbrush.  This is a good time to set up a good shot. HWS staff

  • Get in the habit of erasing Elk tracks you come upon in areas that you will hunt more than 1 day.  By erasing those prints, you will be able to tell with great precision when new tracks were made.

  • Elk are diurnal, meaning that they are most active at dusk and dawn.  Cloudy days increase the time that a Elk will spend in the open as the lower light levels will be more spread out.  (courtesy Mike D)

  • When Elk approach a waterhole or a water crossing, they will slow down and scan the area considerably.  Use these areas to ambush Elk.  (courtesy Mike D)

  • When looking over terrain for bulls.  Watch for things other than Elk.  Bulls will rub on saplings which make the tree move.  Also, Elk moving through tall brush will move the brush as they walk.  Look for these signs and you will find a chance at seeing Elk. (courtesy Mike D)

  • Get in the habit of breaking up your walking gait.  A sure sign that a human is walking is the steady pace of his footprints.  Break up your walking pace like a deer or elk would and walk 10 paces, stop, walk 2, stop ...mix it up! (courtesy Ron P, Woodinville)

  • One thing that I would like to add is that with rosies, being such a herd related animal is that they seem to be more aware of proper calling techniques. I tend to believe that in heavily hunted areas that they are much more aware of how, how often and which particular cow/bull call that you use. Not to sound like a male chauvinist-lol- but females tend to talk more than males! Locate the cows and bulls may be around. I have had several large bulls come in silently while cow-calling. Before you get up to move to another spot to call from be sure that you carefully look all around you. Trust me, it has cost me some real wallhangers. During the archery season, the big boys can come in silently!!! I also tend to believe that calf/locating calls are more productive and small satellite bull bugles more effective.  (courtesy Bob T)

  • Never pass up on the first day what you would shoot on the last day of your hunt. (courtesy Smith J)

  • Now that the general rosie seasons are over the new season begins. As the leaves have fallen trails, rubs, scat-new-old? are more apparent. Ask yourself why, what and when? Escape trails? Migration trails? Trails from bedding to feeding? Wintering areas? Calving areas? And so forth. Do your homework and enjoy more prime steaks on the bar-b-que. Shoot straight. (courtesy Bob T.)

  • In (the) elk photo album there is a photo of a hunter with a tasty 3-4 year old bull that he harvested on 11-1-08. If you look closely you will notice that this bull is VERY freshly rubbed off. So this picture re-enforces my belief that the old argument that bowhunters get to hunt during the rut is nothing but bunk dung- at least the rosies. So, rifle hunters take note. Keep a call on hand and and get ready for some close in action! (courtesy Bob T.)

  • A technique my hunting partner and I have used very successfully is to work parallel along a ridge, mewing as we go. We keep approximately 100-150yds. between us-one high- one low. Knowing each others calling techniques enables us to determine each others location and whether it is us or a real elk. Rockies, being more migratory than rosies, seem to be less discerning as to which type of calls{squeeze-me, bite-me, mouth diaphragms} that you use. Carry two or three types of cow calls so you can sound like a herd or a lone elk looking for company. Although you may hear an elk several hundred yds. away, be ready! We have had them come in like race horses. (courtesy Bob T)big bull...

  • Never hunt or pursue big game when the big game is trapped in a fenced paddock, feed lot, or field. This type of hunting is not considered fair chase. Per the Skagit Herald and the WDFW, in late 2009, a number of legal bowhunters went into a fenced field and went after a herd of elk trapped in that field. A few of the severely spooked animals tried to jump the barbed wire fences and inadvertently disemboweled themselves on the top wire. All of this was within site of a major freeway. What the hunters did was 100% legal, but clearly the carnage that followed caused undue stress and death on the trapped animals. Always think of how a herd or an individual animal will react after the shot. Also, be very aware of your surroundings and who may be watching. The general public does not necessarily want to watch hunters in the actual act of shooting an animal or bird, regardless of legality.  (hws staff)

  • Be in position before day light.  As visibility grows and you spot a herd at the edge of a clearing, look 50 - 100 yards in any direction away from the herd.  That is where the herd bull is but you only get a few minutes to find him cause he is in the trees minutes after daylight. (anon)

  • Many hunters think that a bright full moon all night will affect the next day's hunt.  What it will do is is make the animals get up and move in the middle of the day rather than in the early morning or late evening.  Animals won't bed down all day long and still need to eat, drink, and stretch their legs.  (courtesy Smith J.)

  • A really good method for actually spotting animals in the field is to look for tan "spots" on far hillsides.  Glassing these spots may reveal that they are simply stumps, but, can also reveal a bedded herd.  Elk tend to bed on open hillsides. (Todd G, Kenmore)

  • Avoid using a decoy straight out in the open.  If you are using a decoy, place the decoy near something like a small bush or tree which will break up the outline of the fake and distract a wary animal. (Dean T, Walla Walla)

  • Most big game calibers can be used for elk as long as you shoot well!  Try to pick out the heavier loads, however for the calibers less than .30, use the heaviest available load for that caliber. (Dean T, Walla Walla)

  • Only hunt wallows or watering holes during hot weather or rut, elk wonít use these for anything else but cooling off or for rut behavior.  (Dean T, Walla Walla)

  • Oldtimers in our area used to cut a branch from a tree and walk with it held out in front of them when stalking an animal.  Super easy camo.  (Tom, Puyallup)

  • When packing out your animal during Modern firearm season, tie orange surveyors tape around antlers...Even though you are wearing orange, if all other hunters see is the antlers of your animal, they may wanna take a first.. (courtesy S Glenn)

  • I never hunt on the weekends.  I only hunt Monday-Friday.  Far fewer hunters in the woods (courtesy Mike D)

  • When tracking or hunting on a game trail, resist the urge to continually look down and watch the animalís tracks.  Stop and watch where the tracks go to and go to that next point keeping your head up the whole time.  You donít want to be caught looking at your feet when the animal may be just yards in front of you. (Dean T, Walla Walla)




  • Get in shape!  You need to be in shape to trudge through Washington State Elk country.  It can take enormous effort climbing through downed timber, Salal & blackberry bushes and vine maples.  Most elk habitat is steep, tall and unforgiving.  When Washingtonians talk about mountains... we really mean mountains.  It is not uncommon to climb thousands of feet of vertical during a typical day's hunt.  Not to mention if you bag something, you are going to have to haul the animal out.  Your hunt will go significantly smoother if you are physically prepared.  Run, jog, lift weights, bicycle, whatever it takes!  HWS staff

  • Donít smoke.  Tobacco smoke is not a natural scent to Elk and makes them nervous. Scent tips HWS staff

  • Donít drink alcohol while you are hunting.  It is illegal.  Do yourself, the Elk, and the other hunters a favor leave it in camp or back at the hotel room for later. HWS staff

  • Washington State Dept of Fish and Wildlife Game Wardens are using elk and deer decoys (aka robo deer) to nab poachers and rule violators.  Don't shoot from the road, your vehicle, in closed seasons/hours or any other situation which is not 100% legal.  Youtube is filled with videos taken by game wardens where lazy hunters think they have an easy shot at an animal only to find that they are shooting at a decoy with wardens close by videotaping them.  No buck or bull is worth the fines and sanctions implemented when you are convicted of a game violation.

  • Facts about blood after the shot:  Pay attention to where you shot the animal.   Bright pink, frothy blood means that the shot hit the lungs.  The animal will expire very quickly.  Regular Red blood will mean a heart shot or some other muscle group has been shot.   Wait 30 minutes minimum before going after the animal.  Dark red/Brown blood typically means a paunch shot animal.  Do not go after this animal for at least a couple of hours.  If this animal is not pressured, the animal will bed down and slowly expire.  If you push the animal, it could conceivably travel many miles before dying.

  • Wrap a small piece of plastic to the muzzle of your rifle, shotgun or muzzleloader to keep debris and moisture out of your barrel. HWS staff

  • When scouting look at areas where you see tall horse fences around gardens, orchards, and the like.  More than likely, that homeowner has a deer or elk problem.  You may have a pretty good shot at getting on their land to hunt their nuisance Elk. 

  • When entering the woods, go prepared. Whether it is to pack out meat or possibly if you are injured be ready to survive the elements. A fanny pack is better than nothing but I would recommend Dwight Schuh's pack. I have had mine for 20 yrs. Not only does it hold all your gear but it will hold a boned out elk hindquarter and backstrap. Super quiet, form fitting, lightweight and very comfortable . Plus when you do harvest your animal it will save you a trip back to camp. You will thank yourself when you are down in " the hole". Also I carry a couple of packs of single edge razor blades. Elk hide dulls knives quickly. Another good trick is get yourself a young pack mule i.e. hunting partner-lol. (courtesy Bob T)

  • Keep the woods clean.. Pack out everything you pack in and even pick up trash from other hunters who have been slobs... Keep the woods cleaner than when you left it!

  • Scent tips

  • Hunting elk is serious business.  When you down an animal, realize that they are usually over twice the size of a nice sized deer.  It is not uncommon to have well over 200+ lbs of meat, head and cape to pack it out.  Avoid shooting an animal in an area or during a time where the recovery of all of the usable parts of the animals cannot be successfully completed. Learn how to quarter and bone out an elk.  This will significantly lessen the amount of meat you can pack out.  Bones and unusable parts of the animal should be left in the field for predators.  (Todd G, Kenmore)St Helens Bulls.  (courtesy John M)

  • When packing out quarters and you have to leave portions in the field overnight, hang your meat in bags from a tree.  Coyotes and ravens will easily find your gut pile and your remaining meat.  A small pack of coyotes will easily make off with your quarters.  (Todd G, Kenmore)

  • Keep a couple small ratcheting straps on your pack board. These work much better then rope for holding meat tight on your pack. (anon)

  • Know your gun and your abilities!  Know that most any wound from a firearm will eventually prove fatal to a elk when winter sets in. Be familiar with your firearm, and be sure to sight in your rifle every year to assure it is shooting accurately. Know your rifles and your own shooting limitations and do not take high risk shots. Be a responsible hunter. (anon)

  • Meth manufacturers and marijuana growers frequently use public land.  If you see or stumble into a site, clear out of the area as fast as you can and notify authorities.  These folks are ten times more dangerous than any grizzly you may encounter.


  • Special Seasons have been developed to hunt some species.  Special Permits are always required.   There are no general seasons. The Permits "grow in value" the more years you apply for them.  This is excerpted from the WDFW FAQ regarding special permits.

    Q: How do the hunt choices work?
    A: When the drawing occurs, it is as if all of the applications for a species are placed in a barrel. The computer spins the barrel by issuing random numbers to each application. The lowest random number that is issued to each application is the number used to order the applications from the lowest random number to the highest. It is the same as drawing cards from a barrel one by one. The application with the lowest random number is drawn first from the barrel and the hunt choices are checked. As each application comes up for consideration, the first hunt choice is checked to see if there is a permit left to be awarded. If there is none left, the second hunt choice is checked. If there is a permit available for that hunt choice, the application is selected for that hunt. If not, the process continues until all of the hunt choices on the application have been checked. If all of the hunt choices marked on the card have run out of permits, no permits are awarded to that application.

    Q: How do I build up points?
    A: Each person who applies for a special hunt permit for a species receives a point for applying. If that person is not awarded a special hunt permit during that drawing the point is retained. If the person is awarded the permit, that person's point total drops to zero. If the person who was not awarded a permit for that species applies the next year, they then have two points. A single point is built up each year the person applies for a species until the person is awarded a permit.

    Q: What is the value of building up points?
    A: Building up points is very much like putting more application cards into the barrel. Those that have more cards in the barrel have an advantage over those that have less. The more points a person has built up for a species over time, the greater are the chances that his/hers will be selected.

    Q: I heard that the points have multipliers on them. What is that for?
    A: Some permit drawing systems are designed so that one random number is issued for each point built up for the species by the applicant. It is the same as having one card in the barrel for each point (one point - one card, two points - two cards, etc.).

    Washington's system places a multiplier on the points. The number of points is squared and it is this number of random numbers that are issued to the application (or number of cards in the barrel). If a person applies for an elk permit for the first time, they have one card in the barrel. If a person has built up two points, they have four cards in the barrel. If a person has three points built up, nine cards are in the barrel and so on.

    Placing a multiplier on the points more noticeably increases the chances of being selected over someone who is a new applicant or was recently awarded a permit as points are built up.


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